Today, the issues that commonly prevent a website user's ability to fully access and interact with a site are, in a lot of ways, the same issues that have plagued users for years. Take a look at this study conducted in 2013, which references various reports and findings of common Web Accessibility issues supplied from several unique and disparate sources:
Expert from Sergio Luján-Mora. A Comparison of Common Web Accessibility Problems. Varia Informatica 2013, p. 21-36, PIPS Polish Information Processing Society, Lublin (Poland).
Source: Sergio Luján Mora © 2013
An accessible web site is one which can be used by all its intended visitors, taking into account their differing capabilities. Inaccessible web sites can pose significant barriers to people with disabilities. The challenge of developing web content accessible by everyone has motivated the evolvement of a number of techniques to address web accessibility issues. Unfortunately, web developers often lack sufficient knowledge about these guidelines and techniques to develop accessible web sites.
This paper presents a survey of common web accessibility problems. Different studies and reports have been analyzed in order to summarize the most common web accessibility problems.
Nowadays and despite technological advances aimed at making the Web easy to use, the Web is not wide open for many people. Some websites can pose significant barriers to people with disabilities including:
- People who are blind.
- People with low vision.
- People who are deaf or hard of hearing.
- People with mobility-related disabilities.
- People with some types of learning or cognitive disabilities.
The purpose of the present study is to identify and compare the most common web accessibility problems. For this purpose, different studies and reports from different experts on web development have been analyzed in order to summarize the most common web accessibility problems. However, a very important remark must be done: most common errors are not necessarily the worst errors
Based on this study, the following three advices can help to quickly and easily improve the accessibility of a website:
- Add proper alternative text to images. The text provided as the text alternative should represent the content and function of the image.
- Label correctly the form controls with meaningful and descriptive text. This makes it clear to the user what information they should be providing. If a form has many controls and it is too complex, group de controls with fieldset and legend. Check the tab order in the form.
- Test web pages with a keyboard. Make each page navigable by keyboard alone using the tab key.
The consistent and shared results outlined in this study directly correspond with the automated scan analysis that AudioEye has conducted over the past 12 months. Still, in 2016, these same issues plague countless websites that have been analyzed by AudioEye automated systems.
By ensuring your website adheres to the basic principles of Web Accessibility, many of which are highlighted by this study, Website owners and publishers can provide users with a much improved user experience. Many of these high impact issues are low hanging fruit for web designers and developers looking to improve their level of conformance with the globally recognized standards of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0.